World Cancer Day

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What is World Cancer Day?

  • it is an international day marked on February 4
  • to raise cancer awareness
  • to encourage cancer prevention, detection, and treatment
  • many people unite to fight cancer
  • founded by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) in February 2008

 

What is cancer?

  • a disease in which abnormal cells spread to create a tumor Image result for lavender cancer ribbon
  • a tumor is a mass of abnormal cells
  • there are more than 100 types of cancer
  • the color lavender represents cancer in general
  • the most common diagnosed cancers come in this order and account for 60% of most cases:
    • prostate cancer
    • breast cancer
    • colorectal/bowel cancer
    • melanoma cancer
    • lung cancer

What are some signs and symptoms of cancer?

  • weakness in an arm, hand, or leg
  • numbness in one side of the body
  • sudden blurry vision
  • loss of balance (dizziness)
  • sudden or lasting headache

How can we avoid cancer?

  • eat healthy
  • limit red meat
    • eat no more than 500 grams of cooked meat per week
    • contains haem (a compound that contains iron and gives meat its red color) which damages the bowel’s lining (intestines)
    • forms nitrosamines (chemical compounds) which damages our cells’ DNA
  • eat little processed meat (including sausage, pepperoni, bacon, ham, hot dogs, and salami)
    • contains added nitrates and nitrites which are converted into nitrosamines
  • eat more fruits and vegetables
    • they are rich in fibre, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and phytochemicals which help our bodies fight cancer
    • helps us maintain a healthy body weight (overweight/obese bodies have fat around the stomach that causes many types of cancer)
  • eat fish 2-3 times per week
    • anti-inflammatory properties of omega-3 in fish prevent polyps (which cause cancer) from forming
  • exercise
    • leads to a healthy body
    • burns fat and prevents you from being overweight (therefore there aren’t any fats around your stomach)

 

By Nour Shoukair

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